Nursing & Healthcare Directories on: The Nursefriendly
Kidneys, Dialysis Resources,
What Are Kidney Stones, Renal or Urinary Calculi

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Cystinuria Support Network:"Cystinuria is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by the abnormal movement (transport) in the intestines and kidneys, of certain organic chemical compounds (amino acids). These include cystine, lysine, arginine, and ornithine. Excessive amounts of undissolved cystine in the urine (cystinuria) cause the formation of stones (calculi) in the kidney, bladder, and/or ureter."
Cystinuria Support Network C/o Jann Ledbetter
21001 NE 36th Street Redmond WA 98053


When Should I Call a Doctor? What Are Kidney Stones? Digital Urology Journal:"If you have a kidney stone, you may already know how painful it can be. Most kidney stones pass out of the body without help from a doctor. But sometimes a stone will not just go away. It may even get larger. Your doctor can help. You should call a doctor when you have 1.Extreme pain in your back or side that will not go away. 2.Blood in your urine. 3.Fever and chills. 4.Vomiting. 5.Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy. 6.A burning feeling when you urinate. These may be signs of a kidney stone that needs a doctor's care."
Digital Urology Journal
300 Longwood Avenue, Hunnewell 3 Boston, MA 02115
e-Mail: Telephone: (617) 355-6169 Fax: (617) 730-0421


Interesting Kidney Stone Photographs, L. C. Herring & Co. Laboratory:"Below are pictures of stones and their chemical composition."


What is a kidney stone? National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC):"A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney out of substances in the urine. A stone may stay in the kidney or break loose and travel down the urinary tract. A small stone may pass all the way out of the body without causing too much pain. A larger stone may get stuck in a ureter, the bladder, or the urethra. A problem stone can block the flow of urine and cause great pain."
3 Information Way Bethesda, MD 20892-3580


What are the symptoms of kidney stones? National Kidney Foundation:"Some people may not have any symptoms, but most have at least some, such as: Severe pain in the kidneys or lower abdomen, which may move to the groin; pain may last for minutes or hours, followed by periods of relief Nausea and vomiting Fever, chills and weakness Cloudy or foul-smelling urine Blood in the urine Blocked flow of urine."
National Kidney Foundation
30 East 33rd St., Suite 1100 New York, NY 10016
Phone: (800) 622-9010 (212) 889-2210 Fax: (212) 689-9261


Oxalosis and Hyperoxaluria Foundation:"The Oxalosis and Hyperoxaluria Foundation is here to help. Our website is your gateway to a wealth of information. We have structured the website to answer your questions, provide resources and opportunities for you to become more involved in our mission to seek the cause, improve the clinical treatment and discover the cure of hyperoxaluria and oxalate stone disease and enhance the quality of life of patients and their families. We want everyone whose lives are touched by these diseases to be aware of our mission and to benefit from the services we offer. If you should have any further questions, please call us at 212.777.0470 or on our patient hotline at 800.OHF.8699 (tollfree) - and we'll help you find the answers."
Oxalosis and Hyperoxaluria Foundation
201 E. 19th Street, #12E New York, NY 10003
212.777.0470 (office) 800.OHF.8699 (tollfree) 212.777.0471 (fax)


Diet For Renal (Kidney) Stones, Pediatric Oncall:"Kidney stones (also known as renal calculi) are stones of varying sizes, which form inside the kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder or the urethra. The kidneys are situated at the back of the abdomen and their function is to remove waste products from the blood and from the body in the form of urine, which passes down a tube called a ureter into the bladder. If the concentration of a particular mineral in the urine is too high, crystals form which sometimes become kidney stone. Most kidney stones are only the size of a grain of sand but some may be large enough to fill the collection sack leading out of the kidney."
53/B, Tejpal road, Vile Parle (E) Mumbai-400057 India
Telephone Nos. 91-22-614 0311 91-22-614 0469
E-Mail Address,


Kidney Stones, Incidence and Prevalence,"People who live near large bodies of water (e.g., Great Lakes, Gulf of Mexico), those who live in "soft" water areas, and those who have a sibling or parent with the condition experience a higher incidence of renal stone disease. According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, 1 person in 10 develops kidney stones during their lifetime and renal stone disease accounts for 710 of every 1000 hospital admissions. Kidney stones are most prevalent in patients between the ages of 30 and 45, and the incidence declines after age 50."
136 West Street Northampton, MA 01060
tel: 888.950.0808 fax: 413.587.0387


What Every Man & Woman Should Know About Kidney Stones, Urology Institute:"Ouch! Throughout my medical career, I have always been impressed with the severe amount of pain and suffering that a kidney stone can cause. In fact, it is one of the "great pains" in medicine and one that you are unlikely to forget. Kidney stones (calculi) are solid or semi-solid mineral-like substances occurring in the urinary tract. The urinary tract consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urinary calculi may form anywhere along the urinary tract. The main problem occurs when the stones block the drainage of the kidney, resulting in urinary obstruction. It has been estimated that approximately 3% of the adult population in the United States will develop urinary calculi at least once in their lifetime."



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